There are many options for traveling in India. These include the usual such as air travel, rail travel, road travel and boat travel as well as the exotic such as traveling by elephant back or camel back. You can enjoy all these modes of travel in India.
Air Travel: Air Travel is the most convenient way to cover large distances in India, with ease and comfort. All the major cities and tourist destinations are connected by air and competition between domestic airlines keeps airfares reasonable in India. There are also chartered flights and helicopter flights to less accessible areas in India.
Rail Travel in India: The Indian Railways links the length and breath of India. Railway lines link all cities and major tourist destinations in India. There are also luxury trains such as the Palace on Wheels, Heritage on Wheels, Fairy Queen and Deccan Odyssey that offer the journey of a lifetime. Toy trains, such as the Shimla Kalka line and the Darjeeling Toy Train are popular tourist attractions.
Road Travel in India:
The road infrastructure in India is on the whole is good, though it may be terrible in some places. Grand Trunk Road, the busiest road in India, is 2600km across the breadth of Indian subcontinent. Rudyard Kipling, who set much of his novel Kim along the road, described it as 'such a river of life as exists nowhere else in the world'.
It is pertinent to familiarize yourself with the rules of the road in India. We drive on the left-hand side of the road, and the cars including the rental cars are right-hand drive vehicles. All distances, speed limits (and speedometers) are in kilometers.
Though the wearing of seat belts is compulsory, it is followed only in big cities. You cannot use hand-held phones while driving.
Petrol (gas) stations are situated on both main and country roads. Most of them are open round the clock. However so it is necessary to fill up the tank before it starts giving warning signals, as there is a considerable distance between the towns.
Indian petrol stations are not self-help. A helper will check tire pressure, oil and water, and fill the car, if necessary, clean the windscreen - for which he or she will expect a tip.
After the railway, surface transport is the chief means of travel in India. It is a viable option to rent a car in cities and fares are charged on a kilometer basis. In Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and other major cities, metered taxis as well as luxury cars are easily available on hire. There are many rent-a-car services, with prominent international companies tying up with Indian firms to provide these services. You can hire a car for a full day or for a destination.